Salmon P. Chase ( 1808 - 1873) occupied positions in the three branches of government. From the senate to Chief Justice of the US, he significantly influenced American politics between 1849 and 1873. However, Chase began his career as a lawyer and defended fugitive slaves. He was a member of the WHIG Party but was quickly disillusioned by compromises the party made with slave states. Chase founded the Liberty Party and the Free Soil Party before finally joining the Republican Party in 1854. He was a candidate for the 1860 Republican nomination but lost to Lincoln. When Lincoln took office, he nominated Chase for Secretary of Treasury.
Author: Walter Stahr
Author: Hoover Institution